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Ovarian cysts come in two different forms:
1. The most common type are functional ovarian cysts, which happen as part of the menstrual cycle as follicles prepare to release eggs for fertilisation. A follicle that doesn’t mature properly can swell and become a cyst. Functional cysts are usually harmless and disappear by themselves.
2. Pathological ovarian cysts happen when cells in the ovaries start to grow abnormally. Pathological cysts are rare, but there is a risk that they could become cancerous so they may need to be removed.
Most ovarian cysts are small and harmless. You might not know that you have a cyst unless it bursts or grows large enough to affect the blood supply to your ovaries. If this happens, then you could start to experience symptoms such as:
If you have symptoms that could be caused by ovarian cysts, you should see your gynaecologist. However, you should go to the nearest A&E if you experience sudden, severe pelvic pain.
In order to determine whether your symptoms are being caused by ovarian cysts, the gynaecologist may need to:
In rare cases, the results of these tests could suggest that the growth might be caused by ovarian cancer. You may then need additional tests or treatment to remove the cyst and eliminate all the cancer cells.
Treatment isn’t always required for an ovarian cyst as most are harmless. However, it is sometimes necessary to remove a cyst that is causing problems. Your gynaecologist may recommend the following treatments:
If you have noticed symptoms that could be caused by ovarian cysts, you should make an appointment with your gynaecologist. Miss Arafa is a leading specialist with plenty of experience managing ovarian cysts. You can arrange a consultation with her at the Venus Women's Clinic London by filling out the simple online form.
Please fill in the form below to send us your appointment request and we will get back to you as soon as possible.
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